Entlebucher is the smallest and rarest of the four Swiss Sennenhund breeds.
other three breeds are the Appenzeller, Greater Swiss and the Bernese. Sennenhund
means ‘Dog of the Alpine Herdsman’. Herdsman used this breed to help
drive cattle to the market.
is probable that the Entlebucher Sennenhund descended from the Roman
Molossus. This breed dates back to 1889 and is considered to be native to
the region of Entlebuch in the Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. The
Entlebucher was known then by the name Entlibucherhund”.
1913, the Entlebucher was exhibited at a dog show in Langenthal and
introduced to Professor Albert Heim (one of the judges of the short-legged
and stub-tailed Sennenhund).
to the judges’ reports, they were entered into the Swiss Canine Stud
Book as the fourth Cattle Dog breed. The first standard was completed in
1927. The Swiss Club of Entlebuch was founded August 28th 1926
and initiated by Dr. B. Kobler. It was after that time that the breed was
promoted and continued as a pure bred, although the breed did develop very
current AKC Entlebucher Standard "General Appearance" introduction well
describes the purpose and history of the breed.
"The Entlebucher Mountain Dog (Shepherd Dog from Entlebuch, or Dog of
the Alpine Herdsman) is a native of Switzerland, and the smallest of the
four tri-colored Swiss Sennenhund breeds. Swiss farmers have
historically used the Entlebucher to move cows from pasture to pasture
in the Alps. Their keen intelligence, speed and agility also made
them useful for the management of other large animals such as horses and
The Entlebucher is a medium sized, compact,
strongly muscled, elongated drover with ample bone. He has a short, hard
and shiny coat, bright black with symmetrical markings of pure white on
blaze, muzzle, chest, and feet; shades of rich fawn to mahogany are
present on the eyebrows and between the black and white markings.
Prized for his agreeable nature, ease of training, and devotion to
family, the Entlebucher
possesses an excellent work ethic, and the ability
to work alone or in harmony with his master. Given a job, he transforms
from a lively, high-spirited playmate, to a serious, tireless, self
assured dog of commanding presence. Although primarily a drover, Entles
excel at competitive sports and are willing and enthusiastic partners in
any athletic canine activity chosen by their master.
Purpose and heritage have resulted in an unusually intense bonding
between the Entlebucher and his master; however the Entlebucher should
not be considered a breed for the casual owner. He will remain an
active, highly energetic dog for his entire lifetime. Because of the
guardian traits of this breed, thorough socialization is required during
puppyhood; typically Entles are indifferent to, or somewhat aloof with
recent years the Entlebucher has risen in popularity, as it has proven
itself to be an outstanding companion dog.