The Entlebucher is the smallest and rarest of the four Swiss Sennenhund breeds.

The other three breeds are the Appenzeller, Greater Swiss and the Bernese. Sennenhund means ‘Dog of the Alpine Herdsman’. Herdsman used this breed to help drive cattle to the market.

It is probable that the Entlebucher Sennenhund descended from the Roman Molossus. This breed dates back to 1889 and is considered to be native to the region of Entlebuch in the Canton of Lucerne in Switzerland. The Entlebucher was known then by the name Entlibucherhund”.

In 1913, the Entlebucher was exhibited at a dog show in Langenthal and introduced to Professor Albert Heim (one of the judges of the short-legged and stub-tailed Sennenhund).

Due to the judges’ reports, they were entered into the Swiss Canine Stud Book as the fourth Cattle Dog breed. The first standard was completed in 1927. The Swiss Club of Entlebuch was founded August 28th 1926 and initiated by Dr. B. Kobler. It was after that time that the breed was promoted and continued as a pure bred, although the breed did develop very slowly.

The current AKC Entlebucher Standard "General Appearance" introduction well describes the purpose and history of the breed.

"The Entlebucher Mountain Dog (Shepherd Dog from Entlebuch, or Dog of the Alpine Herdsman) is a native of Switzerland, and the smallest of the four tri-colored Swiss Sennenhund breeds.  Swiss farmers have historically used the Entlebucher to move cows from pasture to pasture in the Alps. Their keen intelligence, speed and agility also made them useful for the management of other large animals such as horses and hogs.

The Entlebucher is a medium sized, compact, strongly muscled, elongated drover with ample bone. He has a short, hard and shiny coat, bright black with symmetrical markings of pure white on blaze, muzzle, chest, and feet; shades of rich fawn to mahogany are present on the eyebrows and between the black and white markings.

Prized for his agreeable nature, ease of training, and devotion to family, the Entlebucher possesses an excellent work ethic, and the ability to work alone or in harmony with his master.  Given a job, he transforms from a lively, high-spirited playmate, to a serious, tireless, self assured dog of commanding presence. Although primarily a drover, Entles excel at competitive sports and are willing and enthusiastic partners in any athletic canine activity chosen by their master.

Purpose and heritage have resulted in an unusually intense bonding between the Entlebucher and his master; however the Entlebucher should not be considered a breed for the casual owner. He will remain an active, highly energetic dog for his entire lifetime. Because of the guardian traits of this breed, thorough socialization is required during puppyhood; typically Entles are indifferent to, or somewhat aloof with strangers."

In recent years the Entlebucher has risen in popularity, as it has proven itself to be an outstanding companion dog.